Ketogenic Diet: A Detailed Keto Guide for Beginners

The keto diet, or ketogenic diet, is defined as a low-carb diet.

This diet has diverse names, such as STD (standard ketogenic diet), TKD (targeted ketogenic diet), CKD (cyclical ketogenic diet), and HPKD (high-protein ketogenic diet).

Here is a detailed keto guide for beginners.

How Keto Diet Works?

Ketosis is a daily process of the body that adapts to the fuel the body needs to burn on a low-carb diet. When you eat carbohydrates, your body breaks them down into glucose.

The glucose creates an energy molecule called ATP (adenosine triphosphate), a fuel that your body needs to burn as energy.

If you consume a lot of carbohydrate-rich foods, your body will probably not need the extra glucose. In this scenario, two things will happen to your body: glycogenesis and lipogenesis.


The excess glucose in your liver and muscles will be converted into glycogen. Estimates show that half of your daily energy is stored as glycogen in your body.


If your muscles and liver already have enough glycogen, the extra glucose is transformed into fat that is stored in your body.

Whenever your body has no glycogen, ketosis occurs. Because your body does not have access to food that produces glucose, it will create molecules called ketones that it will start burning as energy.

Over 20 studies have shown that the keto diet can help you with weight loss and health improvements. A ketogenic diet may also help with diabetes, cancer, epilepsy, and Alzheimer’s (1).

guide to the ketogenic diet
On the kitchen cutting board are some diced onion, garlic, round lemon slices, salmon fish fillet, a cup of soy sauce, and a knife.

Keto Diet for Diabetes

Diabetes can be caused by high blood sugar levels and impaired insulin function. According to one study, a ketogenic diet can improve insulin sensitivity by 75%.

In another study, the ketogenic group lost 24.4 pounds compared to the high-carb group, which lost 15.2 pounds.

The key benefit of a ketogenic diet is that it can reduce extra body fat. Extra body fat is linked to type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome.

Study shows the ketogenic diet group saw a 95.2% reduction in diabetes compared to 62% in the high-carbohydrate diet group (2, 3).

Ketogenic Diet for Weight Loss

In one study, people on a ketogenic diet lost 2.2 times more weight than those on low-fat, low-carb diets. It can also balance levels of triglycerides and good cholesterol.

Research shows that the ketogenic diet is much better than a low-fat diet. Another study shows that people on the low-carb diet lost more weight than those on other diets.

A ketogenic diet is better than a low-fat diet for many reasons, and it can provide many health benefits.

This is because the increase in ketones’ production decreases blood sugar levels and improves insulin sensitivity (4, 5).

One Week Keto Diet Meal Plan

MondayEggs Scrambled with Sauteed Onions and Cheddar CheeseSpiced cauliflower soup with bacon pieces or tofu cubesBaked Catfish with Broccoli and Herb-Butter BlendPeanut Butter Fudge Crisp Bar
TuesdayOmelet with mushrooms, broccoli, and peppersAvocado and egg salad with onion and spices, served in lettuce cupsCajun spiced chicken breast with cauliflower rice and Brussels sprout saladSlices of cheese with nuts and bell peppers
WednesdayScrambled eggs on a bed of sauteed greens with pumpkin seedsChicken mayonnaise salad with cucumber, avocado, tomato, almonds, and onionBeef stew made with mushrooms, onions, celery, herbs, and beef brothSmoothie with almond milk, nut butter, olives, chia seeds, and spinach
ThursdaySmoothie containing almond milk, nut butter, spinach, chia seeds, and protein powderShrimp and avocado salad with tomatoes, feta cheese, herbs, lemon juice, and olive oilGarlic butter steak with mushrooms and asparagusA boiled egg with flax crackers with cheese
FridayScrambled eggs with jalapenos, green onions, and tomatoes sprinkled with sunflower seedsTuna salad with tomatoes and avocado plus macadamia nutsBeacons with non-starchy vegetables of choiceCelery sticks with almond butter dip and a handful of berries and nuts
Saturday2 eggs, fried in butter, with avocado and blackberriesGrilled salmon with a salad of mixed leafy greens and tomatoChicken breast with cauliflower mash and green beansKale chips and Slices of cheese and bell peppers
SundayYogurt with keto-friendly granolaGrass-fed beef burger (no bun) with guacamole, tomato, and kale saladStir-fried chicken, broccoli, mushrooms, and peppers, with homemade satay sauceSugar-free turkey jerky, an egg and vegetable muffin
7 days keto diet plan

I suggest you make your meals easy and delicious. So you can stick to it without getting bored while preparing it.

All of your keto diet recipes should be low in carbs and slathered in fatty dressings with green leafy salad. You should avoid carbs completely for quicker results.

Foods to Avoid on A Keto Diet

You should avoid all foods high in carbohydrates.

  • soda
  • fruit juice
  • candy
  • ice-cream
  • wheat
  • rice
  • pasta
  • cereals
  • sugary fruits
  • beans
  • legumes
  • potatoes
  • sweet potatoes
  • carrots
  • parsnips
  • alcohol

Some people will have a tough time getting into the ketosis process, and they will not lose weight.

This is because they are not eating keto friendly foods.

However, an underlying health problem can also stop you from getting into ketosis.

Keto Diet Side Effects

You can try a regular low-carb diet during the first few weeks to minimize the side effects. This can teach your body to burn more fat before you eliminate carbs completely.

A keto diet can also alter your body’s water and mineral balance.

You can help yourself by adding more salt to your food or taking mineral supplements. The ketogenic diet is safe for healthy individuals, but some initial side effects can occur when your body adapts.

This is often called “keto influenza” and usually happens in a couple of days.

Keto influenza symptoms include increased hunger, sleep problems, nausea, gastrointestinal discomfort, and poor mental and physical health.

Supplements to Take on a Keto Diet

While no supplements are necessary on a keto diet, some may be helpful.

  • whey protein
  • MCT oil
  • caffeine
  • exogenous ketones
  • creatine
  • vitamin B-1 thiamin
  • gamma oryzanol
  • lecithin
  • sarsaparilla
  • inosine.

A ketogenic diet is better than a low-fat diet for a variety of reasons. Body fat has been linked to type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. Those on the low-carb diet can lose more weight than those on the low-fat diet. You should avoid all carbs on a ketogenic diet. The ketogenic diet is safe, but some adverse effects may occur as your body adjusts.


A ketogenic diet is effective for diabetic individuals looking to improve their health.

It might be less effective for athletes who would like to add muscle.

Before beginning the keto diet, consult with your doctor to see if the ketogenic diet is right for you.

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