Infection and stress can cause inflammation. Unhealthy foods and lifestyle habits can also cause it. Thus, supplements that fight inflammation can help with exercise, enjoyable sleep, and stress management. Sometimes, it may also be beneficial to get additional support from supplements.
1. Curcumin Supplements
Curcumin is the key component in turmeric. It offers several significant health benefits. It can reduce inflammation, heart disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and even cancer. Curcumin supplements are effective and can fight inflammation in people with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
A study in people with metabolic syndrome found taking curcumin had lower levels of CRP and MDA inflammation markers compared to those receiving placebo.
In another study, when 150 mg of curcumin was given to 80 people with solid cancerous tumors, most of their inflammatory markers dropped far more than those in the control group.
Curcumin is hard to absorb when taken alone, but taking it with piperine, found in black pepper, you can increase its absorption by as much as 2,000 percent.
The topical doses are 3 grams per day but up to 10 grams per day have been studied and are safe but may cause digestion problems.
2. Ginger Supplements
You can add ginger root powder to many dishes as a spice. It can also treat vomiting and indigestion conditions. Ginger supplements can fight inflammation in people with colitis, kidney damage, diabetes, and breast cancer. The two components in ginger such as gingerol and Zingerone are effective in minimizing the inflammation in the body.
People with diabetes took 1,600 mg of ginger daily, their levels of CRP, insulin, and HbA1c dropped more than the control group. Another study found that, when combined with exercise, women with breast cancer who took ginger supplements had lower levels of CRP and IL-6.
There is also evidence that ginger supplements can fight after exercise inflammation and muscle soreness. The topical dosage is 1 gram per day, but up to 2 grams is safe. Higher dosages, however, can thin the blood, which may cause bleeding. People taking blood-thinning drugs should avoid taking ginger supplements.
3. Spirulina Supplements
Spirulina is a blue-green algae that has powerful antioxidant effects. According to studies, spirulina supplements can fight inflammation and enhance the immune system. Although most studies conducted in animals, which have been shown to reduce inflammatory markers, and boost immune function.
As diabetes patients received 8 grams of spirulina per day for 12 weeks, their inflammation marker MDA levels decreased. In fact, their adiponectin levels have increased. Adiponectin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar and fat metabolism. Up to 8 grams of spirulina per day is safe.
4. Fish Oil Supplements
Fish oil supplements contain omega-3 fatty acids essential for good health. They can minimize diabetes-related neuropathy inflammation, heart disease, cancer, and many other conditions.
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are two beneficial forms of omega-3s. DHA has anti-inflammatory effects that reduce cytokine levels and promote the health of the gut.
Fish oil supplements may also fight inflammation and muscle damage that occurs after intense exercise. In one study, the inflammation marker IL-6 lowered by 32% in individuals taking 2 grams of DHA compared to a control group.
In another study, after intense exercise, DHA supplements lower levels of inflammatory markers TNF alpha and IL-6. Some studies have shown no gain from fish oil supplementation in healthy people and those with atrial fibrillation.
At higher doses, fish oil can thin the blood, which may increase bleeding. People who take blood thinners should avoid fish oil. Up to 1.5 grams of EPA and DHA omega-3 per day are safe.
5. Alpha-Lipoic Acid Supplements
Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) plays an important role in boosting metabolism and energy. It also acts as an antioxidant to protect the cells from damage and help restore levels of other antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E.
Several studies show that alpha-lipoic acid can decrease inflammation associated with insulin resistance, diabetes, liver disease, heart disease, and other diseases.
Alpha-lipoic acid can also help lower blood levels of several inflammatory markers, including IL-6 and ICAM-1. In several studies for patients with heart disease, alpha-lipoic acid has decreased inflammatory markers.
Some studies, however, find no improvements in these markers in individuals taking alpha-lipoic acid compared to control groups. Up to 600 mg is safe. People taking 600 mg of alpha-lipoic acid for up to seven months have reported no side effects.
If you have a medical condition or are taking medication, check with your doctor first. Receiving your anti-inflammatory nutrients from whole foods is always a good idea. However, antioxidant supplements can fight severe or chronic inflammation.
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Adjuvant therapy with bioavailability-boosted curcuminoids suppresses systemic inflammation and improves quality of life in patients with solid tumors: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Phytother Res. 2014.
Anticancer potential of curcumin: preclinical and clinical studies. Anticancer Res. 2003.
Acute effects of ginger extract on biochemical and functional symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2015.
The efficacy of ginger for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting: a meta-analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006.
Antiinflammatory and antihyperalgesic activity of C-phycocyanin. Anesth Analg. 2009.
Docosahexaenoic acid affects markers of inflammation and muscle damage after eccentric exercise. J Strength Cond Res. 2014.
Lipoic Acid: its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory role and clinical applications. Curr Top Med Chem. 2015.
The protective effect of lipoic acid on selected cardiovascular diseases caused by age-related oxidative stress. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2015.
Treatment of symptomatic diabetic polyneuropathy with the antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid. Diabetes Care. 1999.