Spirulina is a blue-green algae that contains a range of nutrients, such as B vitamins, beta-carotene, and E vitamins.
It grows in salty freshwater and people use it as a dietary supplement in certain areas of the world for its high protein content.
Spirulina is also a healthy source of polyunsaturated fats and C-phycocyanin.
In addition, it has antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immune-boosting, and cholesterol-lowering abilities.
Although spirulina is safe for many people, it may have some side effects and downsides for individuals under certain conditions.
Spirulina harvested in the wild contains toxins, which can pose a significant risk.
For example, if it grows in the water that is contaminated with heavy metals, bacteria, or damaging particles called microcystins, it may harbor toxins.
These toxins can damage the liver when eaten in enormous quantities.
In Italy, North America, and China, they have discovered microcystin in algae supplements, which is an increasing problem for public health.
Spirulina cultivated in controlled environments is low in microcystins because researchers have established techniques for removing and limiting these toxic compounds during the production.
Therefore, make sure you are ingesting spirulina, which is free of microcystins (4).
Can Slow Blood Clotting
Spirulina has an anticoagulant effect, which means it can thin your blood and boost blood clotting time.
When you are wounded, coagulation helps avoid excessive bleeding or bruising.
Spirulina may be hazardous for those taking blood thinners or those with bleeding disorders because it may reduce the capability of your blood to clot, leading to more bleeding.
While some studies show spirulina does not influence blood coagulation time.
However, there are little knowledge-based studies about its consequences on individuals who are already taking blood-thinning medication.
Can Worsen Autoimmune Diseases
Spirulina can boost your immune system by reinforcing immune cells called natural killer (NK) cells that attack perceived cell-level threats.
Studies on animals and humans show that this effect can help reduce inflammation.
However, it can do the opposite and worsen certain autoimmune in people with lupus, various sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis in which your immune system attacks your own body cells.
Other Side Effects
Some individuals may have spirulina allergies. Reactions can be deadly in serious cases.
According to one research, individuals with allergies are more likely to respond to spirulina than those without allergies.
To prevent side effects, people with allergies should not consume spirulina supplement or should talk to their doctor before using it.
Spirulina and other algae contain phenylalanine.
Therefore, an individual with phenylketonuria should strictly avoid it.
Some minor spirulina side effects may include nausea, sleeplessness, and headaches.
Spirulina may cause side effects in some people.
It is best to consult with a healthcare provider before taking it.
To avoid contaminated spirulina, which contains toxins, only buy products from trusted brands tested by third-party organizations like the U.S. Consumer Lab, or NSF International, Pharmacopeia (USP).